Musical perception

On the perception of sound and music. Sound Perception and Compression
Simple compression methods Traditional lossless compression methods (Huffman, LZW, etc.) are usually poorly applied to compressing audio information (for the same reasons as when compressing visual information). Some lossy compression…

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About the direction of the microphone. Microphone directivity
By the angle of sound pickup or directivity, we mean the zone of the possible location of the source of the sound signal, inside of which there is no significant…

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Istria Deep Purple
In March 1968, a group was created consisting of Ritchie Blackmore - lead guitar, John Lord - organ, backing vocals, Rod Evans - vocals, Nikki Simper - bass, backing vocals,…

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Reasoning about art

“The poet owns the form, and the content belongs to the history and reality of his people” (Belinsky; compare Glinka: “The people compose music, we only arrange it”). Consequently, the artist’s task is to discover (and not invention) the content and invention for him the form corresponding to him (expressing the form in a broad, philosophical sense).
Chernyshevsky argued that art is a weak likeness of life and that, for example, paintings depicting the sea are needed only by those who have not seen the real sea. But it seems that the old woman, who served as the original for the Rembrandt picture, did not attract such attention as this picture, and that the living Continue reading

Cakewalk: working with a stave. About working with the stave at Cakewalk

In Cakewalk, the Staff instrument is one of the most convenient and important means of creating a melody. For musicians using classical musical notes, guitarists who are accustomed to the guitar fretboard and tablature, this instrument is simply necessary. It greatly simplifies the process of musical creation.

So, in order to activate the “Note Mill”, you need to start Cakewalk and select Staff from the View menu. A window like this opens:
At the top of this window is a panel with operation buttons. The first four of them control the process of applying notes to a stave:

Cakewalk: working with a stave (About working with a stave in Cakewalk) Continue reading

Memo to the musician: frequencies. Frequencies to Remember

Classically, the sound spectrum is divided into three parts: low, medium and high frequencies. The frequency limits, although not everyone agrees with this, can be denoted as follows: low from 10 Hz to 200 Hz, medium from 200 Hz to 5 kHz, and from 5 kHz – high. For a more precise definition, let’s divide these three parts into smaller ones and consider them separately.

1) Low bass (from 10 Hz to 80 Hz) – these are the lowest notes from which the room resonates, and the wires begin to hum. If your audio equipment does not reproduce these frequencies, you should experience a loss of saturation and depth of sound. Naturally, when recording and mixing, the loss of these frequencies will cause the same effect.

2) Upper basses (from 80 Hz to 200 Hz) are the top notes of bass instruments and the lowest notes of Continue reading

About mechanical sound recording

A mechanical sound recording is based on cutting (or extruding) grooves in the material of a recording medium using a sound recording device — a recorder. When playing along the groove, the needle of the reproducing device – the pickup – moves (moves).

In the process of developing a mechanical recording, two main methods for modulating a groove were proposed: transverse, in which the cutter oscillates left and right from the neutral position and the groove of constant width acquires twists, and deep, in which the cutter moves up and down from the neutral position, cutting out the groove of variable depth and width.

About mechanical sound recording (mechanical sound recording)
Type of modulated groove for transverse and deep recording

All preliminary operations for recording and editing phonograms are carried out using magnetic recording. The finally mounted magnetic phonogram is transferred to a mechanical one on a mechanical recording machine. It has a massive Continue reading

Search for a new sound in the 20th century

The current search for timbre moves to other areas and is associated with the emergence of two completely new ways of making music for the European history of music. The first of them was called the “ensemble of soloists.” In such an ensemble all the instruments of the symphony orchestra (or most of them) are presented, but in a single copy; in most cases, such a team is led by a conductor. Unlike an orchestra, there is no traditional division into “accompanists” and “regulators”. Each of the musicians is able to play very complex parts both on the main instrument and on various kinds (for example, in the order of things, for example, a situation where a flutist plays a large flute, piccolo, alto and bass flutes during one composition).

Since its inception, this type of ensemble has gained enormous popularity in music practice and a vast Continue reading

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Music: tempo, rhythm and meter. About pace, rhythm and meter
The tempo in music is the speed of metric counting units (the ratio of the number of events that happened to the time they took). According to a long tradition,…


Fundamentals of psychoacoustics. Interesting features of psychoacoustics
Nature has given us legs and arms, to save and defend ourselves - and we invented sport. Nature gave us a sense of height to sort the sounds of the…


Saturation point. Musical perception ...
I really don’t know how objective my subjective pessimism is, but the ghost of a certain decline has stubbornly seemed to me for the past few years. Atrophy of musical…


Hits are born at home. Review article for beginner musicians
What to learn to play? The training problem is one of the most important, but, unfortunately, the least covered, which often leads to disastrous results in terms of creative growth:…